Types of Gum Disease
There are two main classifications of gum disease. They include:
- Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the earliest and mildest stage. At this stage, gums redden, swell, and bleed easily. Professional treatment can often reverse gingivitis.
- Periodontitis: Periodontitis is the advanced stage of gum disease, during this stage, the infection spreads, inflaming tissues and destroying supporting bone. Teeth can loosen or be lost. Surgery may be required to save the remaining teeth.
Dr. Manning will determine the best treatment approach based on each patient’s unique case. Options for gum disease treatment may include:
Professional Dental Cleaning: For mild cases, a standard or deeper cleaning removes plaque/tartar below the gumline.
Topical Antimicrobials: Following cleaning, gels, rinses, or controlled-release devices help control bacteria.
Non-Surgical Procedures: Scaling and root planing is a deep cleaning to smooth roots and cure early-stage gum disease.
Surgical Procedures: For advanced disease, surgery allows your dentist to access the roots for deeper planing and bone damage repair. Gum grafts or tissue regeneration may help regrow lost tissue.